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What to Know About Traumatic Brain Injuries

A traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a TBI, is the result of a sudden trauma, like a violent jolt or blow to the head. Not all blows to the head end up becoming a traumatic brain injury. The severity of a TBI can vary; it may be mild, resulting in a brief moment of unconsciousness, or a severe injury that leaves the person unconscious for an extended period of time. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), vehicle accidents are the third most common reason people experience a TBI.

It is important to understand the signs of a potential brain injury. If you suspect you suffered a TBI after an accident, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance. It is also important to retain a skilled Maryland personal injury attorney who is well-versed in TBI claims.

Symptoms of TBI

Mild traumatic brain injuries tend to cause loss of consciousness for only seconds, or maybe a few minutes in some cases, but not all people lose consciousness. You may feel like you are in a daze in the days to weeks after the accident. Other symptoms of a TBI to watch for include:

  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness
  • Blurred vision
  • Memory issues
  • Trouble concentrating or thinking
  • Mood swings and behavior changes
  • Disrupted sleep

In more serious cases, these symptoms are magnified and you might see other warning signs:

  • Pupil dilation
  • Repeat episodes of vomiting and nausea
  • Trouble waking up from a deep sleep
  • Numbness in the extremities
  • More serious memory loss and confusion
  • Slurred speech

How is the Severity of a TBI Determined?

Doctors typically denote TBIs as mild, moderate, or severe. Tools that doctors may refer to when making a determination include how long the person was unconscious (Length of Loss of Consciousness, or LOC), their scores on the Glasgow Coma Scale and/or the Ranchos Los Amigos Scale, as well as how long they suffered amnesia.

For Loss of Consciousness (LOC) the general criteria are:

  • Mild: LOC less than 20 minutes
  • Moderate: Less than six hours after admission with LOC
  • Severe: More than six hours after admission with LOC

The Glasgow Coma Scale assigns a number to your injury based on response to verbal, eye, and motor tests. Scores range from 3 to 15 and the lower the score, the more serious the injury.

  • Mild TBI: 13-15 points
  • Moderate TBI: 9-12 points
  • Severe TBI: 8 points and under

Doctors may also order additional diagnostic tests for further confirmation. These include x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs that can detect trauma-related injuries.

Prevention Against Further TBIs

While you can not necessarily “protect” yourself from a brain injury that occurs as the result of a vehicle accident, you can learn how to prevent future injuries from occurring. If you have had repeated mild TBIs, they can lead to long-term neurological problems.

Hiring a Personal Injury Attorney

If you have suffered a traumatic brain injury due to a motor vehicle accident or a slip and fall at a business or in another public place, you may have a valid personal injury claim. Contact the Law Office of Robert R. Castro and let us help get you the compensation you deserve for your traumatic brain injury and other damages you are owed.

This article has been provided by Law Office of Robert Castro. For more information or questions contact our office to speak to an experienced lawyer at (301) 870-1200.